Also called kick drum, is the biggest drum component in the set. The diameter varies from 20″ to 24″ usually. Like all components it contains two heads from the front and from the backside.
A basic drum set will contain only one. If you want to play hard rock or metal beats, you are going to need one more bass drum or a double bass drum pedal.
For the beginner, one kick drum and the one-foot pedal will be more than enough.
How you mic the bass drum?
Rock drummers like to drill the hole in the front head of the bass drum and put a mic in that hole. Here is the cool article I found about bass drum holes.
Jazz drummers don’t drill holes in order to get a softer sound. The deeper mic goes inside you loose lower frequencies and gets more attack from a rear head.
In the studio conditions two mics can be used on a bass drum: one inside and one on the hole.
Metal drummers often use drum triggers for getting the signal and completely changing the sound and dynamic of the bass drum.
With a cheaper drum kit, you will get a snare drum; one of the most important drum components.
Snare drums have a completely different sound than the rest of the drum kit because of the snare wire on the bottom.
You can adjust it to get different sounds or simply experiment with different drum heads to get diverse sounds.
As a bass drum, some professional drummers use two snare drums, usually smaller, shallow, or tuned lower or higher.
It all begins with a snare, all rudiments are first played on the snare and then orchestrated to the whole drum kit.
How to mic a snare drum?
On a regular gig snare is often mic with just one mic placed on the top head. The most often used is Shure SM57. With this mic that costs under $150 you get a clear sound with no added frequencies. Many singers use this mic in the studio because he delivers sound just what it is while many mics will change the actual sound a little bit.
For studio sessions or gigs on a higher level they will mic the snare with two mics. One mic at the top and one on the bottom. With this technique they get more control while mixing the snare drum.
In most cases, you will get 3 toms, but some jazz or rock drum kits contain only 2 toms, a high tom, and a floor tom.
Toms are mounted on a rack or a tom holder. They come in different sizes.
Smaller ones are called High toms or High and a Middle tom while the bigger one is called Floor tom or Rack tom.
How to mic toms?
Tom mics are the most diverse, almost every drummer uses a different kind. Toms are also mic like a snare drum with to mics. One on the top one on the bottom head but in most cases for a regular gig they mic only top head.
All drum companies have a similar palette of drums. The best drums are made out of maple trees. Nowadays they add additional ply of some exotic tree.
If you have enough money, you can always touch base with a drum company and choose the wood for your drum kit.
Middle range series comes with an oak tree while low budget series come with birch or some combination.
You can find oak or maple wood in lower series, but nearly the same quality as for the top series.
There are no two exactly the same wood pieces; that’s why there are no two exactly the same drum kits. Except for wooden drums there are ones made out of acryl.
Go to a store, try out a couple of models, listen, and finally buy what sounds the best to you.
Here you can find out more about drum set cost.